Tuesday, February 4, 2020

Voice over IP (VoIP) telephony Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words

Voice over IP (VoIP) telephony - Research Paper Example In simple words it can be said that using VoIP applications a caller will be able to avoid paying long distance international call charges and also save expensive telecommunication hardware and infrastructure (Hallock, 2004, pp.5-8). The principles of VoIP are similar to traditional digital telephony in that the former also involves channel setup, signaling, conversion of analog voice signals into digital signals, encoding and decoding. The difference with traditional digitized telephony is that the encoded VoIP digital signals are transmitted over packet-switched networks as Internet Protocol or IP packets instead of being transmitted over circuit-switch network. This concept of packet-switched data transfer is based on the principles of time-division multiplexing networks. The early business service provider models of VoIP were based on traditional telephonic networking only with difference on how the data would transfer across channels. The second generation providers of VoIP incl uded the concept of closed networks for enabling private communication between secured user bases. The Skype is one of the most popular second generation VoIP service providers whose technology offers their users free calls. But the business model of Skype charges connection or access charges to customers to use private networks or public switched telephone networks (PSTN). The advantage of such model is that user’s requirements for hardware or software compatibility would be minimized and independent. The third generation of VoIP, mainly popularized by Google Talk, allows dynamic interconnection between any two user domains on the internet (Bianco, 2006, pp.365-367). Analysis of Existing Applications and Market Trends The main reason for the growth of VoIP over the years is due to its popularity as a business data networks application. With the application of VoIP a business enterprise will be able to reduce its service and hardware costs by increasing productivity through c ustomized telephony applications. VoIP technology ensures secured and consolidated telecommunication network for business enterprises. As the prices of bandwidth are falling, the internet telephony is increasingly becoming popular and more accessible to global customers. With the help of VoIP business critical information could now be telecommunicated without any significant delays (which were more prominent in traditional international telecommunications) and hence increasing the efficiency of the company. Thus, one of the major reasons for quick acceptance of VoIP was cost efficiency that the companies could realize from the implementation (Bergstrom, 2004, pp.17-18). (Source: Tele Geography Research, 2008) The traditional telephone lines are replacing the medium of communication between business enterprises as well as households. A research has found that only the North American residential VoIP services has grown over 31% CAGR (compounded annual growth rate) and it was a $1.25 b illion VoIP service industry in the year 2005. (Source: Word Press, 2011) The main drivers for the tremendous growth of VoIP can be attributed to some important VoIP characteristics including cost savings, reliability and easier functionality. SWOT Analysis The VoIP technology allows customers to make

Sunday, January 26, 2020

Analysis Of Langston Hughes English Literature Essay

Analysis Of Langston Hughes English Literature Essay Change is hard to accept, but its also hard to bring. Change can be brought in a number of different ways; it can be brought through violence, speeches or words. Wars forced change through violence, Gandhi brought it through speeches and Hughes caused it by his poems. Winston Churchill once said, There is nothing wrong with change, if it is in the right direction. Winston Churchill believed in change as long as it was for the better. Langston Hughes also believed in the same change. He wanted to change America and make them accept African Americans as their own American brothers. Langston Hughes witnessed the racial prejudice against his community. He was terrified at the racial inequalities faced by African Americans, which influenced his poetry and made him dedicate his work to bringing change. Hughes changed his poetry style, during the Harlem Renaissance in 1920s, as he started to admire jazz music, manipulating his poetry towards music. During the early 1930s, Langston Hughes wa s largely influenced by The Great Depression. Hughes thoughts became pessimistic and his dreams became hopeless, as he started to express it in his poetic work. Hughes surroundings influenced his thoughts, which encouraged him to reflect it in his poetry. This caused Langston Hughes poetry to evolve from discussions of racial inequalities, to jazz poetry, and then to his pessimistic views on life. As a result from witnessing racial abuse, Langston Hughes decided not to be a bystander. Hughes started to reflect his surroundings in his work. He began to write in his poems the tough challenges faced by African Americans. Hughes based most of his work on the theme of social injustice. He expresses, in his poems, the racial inequalities faced by African Americans, as they were subject to low class and discrimination. His critics often objected that he portrayed lower-class aspects of life through his choice of subject matter, but Hughes often felt that he needed to communicate that, in order to convey his message. Hughes wanted to bring change through his poems; he wanted to show that Blacks are not really different from other ethnic groups. Hughes truly portrayed this through his poem I, Too Sing America. In this poem, he illustrates unimportance of blacks during that time when he writes, I am the darker brother / They send me to eat in the kitchen / When company comes (Hughes 2-4 ). Hughes first conveys the image of how blacks are treated. Then he continues on, Tomorrow, / Ill be at the table / When company comes. (Hughes 8-10). Hughes then shows the change that he strives to cause. The poem continues on to show that the change is accepted as, Theyll see how beautiful I am / And be ashamed (Hughes 16-17). Hughes then closes off the poem with, I, too, am America (Hughes 18) and shows that Blacks are not really different, as they are also American and sing the same national anthem as other Americans. Hughes expresses deep concern for the suffering that his community faced, through his poems, and aims to bring change. Later on during the 1920s, a new movement started in America known as the Harlem Renaissance. Most African Americans started to move from the rural agricultural South to the urban industrial North during 1914-1918. During this time many African American gathered in New York. Many settled in New York and in the district of Harlem. This movement brought many talented African Americans together. It also brought many good black musicians together, who publicized jazz music during that time. The Harlem Renaissance also brought many artistic Blacks who had their talents in art and literature. These African Americans found a new way to explore and experience black life in America. Many intellectual African American and artists challenged racism and rejected to mimic white American styles. These talented and intellectual artists celebrated their black dignity and creativity. This caused these African Americans to express their true feelings about the racism they faced, and their urge for fre edom and democratic rights. The African Americans explored their identities and celebrated their black culture, as they tried to renew it from the existing low class perception. With so many intellectual and talented figures, writers, artists, and poets started producing a variety of original work dealing with African-American life. These works then promoted and attracted many other blacks from all over the world and established a new cultural community within America. Hence, Langston Hughes became connected to the Harlem Renaissance. He quickly became known for his work during the Renaissance and led poetry division. He established a different style in his poetry and innovated jazz poetry in his work. Hughes started to listen and admire blues and jazz music. He spent much time in blues and jazz clubs, which influenced him to write about jazz poetry. Hughes really enjoyed listening to jazz and wrote it in his poems, as he said, I tried to write poems like the songs they sang on Seventh Street(these songs) had the pulse beat of the people who keep on going. (Famous Poets and Poems, www.famouspoetsandpoems.com). Hughes changed his theme of his poetry and started to write in the spirit of jazz. Many of his poems were set to music and communicated operettas, a genre of opera. Hughes jazz poetry is usually represented through the poem The Weary Blues. In this poem Hughes talks about him listening to jazz as he writes, He played that sad raggy tune like a musical fool. Sweet Blues! Coming from a black mans soul O Blues! (Hughes 13-16). Hughes shows his love for jazz music during the Harlem Renaissance, as he changes the theme of his poetry and follows a transition to jazz poetry. Consecutively, The Great Depression brought an end to the Harlem Renaissance and the African American literary activities. It forced many of the talented and artistic African Americans to become full time labourers, as there was scarce of jobs. Many artists quit their literary work to make a living for themselves and to support their families. This destroyed the hopes and dreams of many artists of their freedom and rights. Some artists also became involved in radical politics, since they not only felt racial injustice, but they also suffered through job loss and lower wages. This made most intellectual poets hopeless about their survival and freedom. A struggle for life started as money and food become a big issue, and for the African Americans their colour was also another issue. It was hard for them to speak out, since they could not make a living from just literary work at a time like this, causing most to support radical politics for some hope. The Great Depression caused hopeles sness and people had negative views about their dreams, as it turned down hope for a bright future for the Black communities. This lead to people having pessimistic views on life and their life became more miserable as they continued to struggle and establish their dreams once again. However, Langston Hughes also suffered a lot from The Great Depression. His dreams of bringing change seemed hopeless now. Now that the literary activities had gone down, Hughes also struggled for survival. Langston Hughes poetry also changed during this time, as Hughes became interested in socialism. Hughes supported the Soviets ideologies of communism as there were no flaws of equality. The communistic economies presented struggle and poverty, but Hughes still believed in it since there was no racism or classes in society. Hughes took part in the communist party in the US, along with other Black figures. Seeing his dreams and of other Black artists become bleak, Hughes thoughts became pessimistic and were reflected in his poetry. In his poem Life Is Fine, Hughes writes his pessimistic thoughts, I took the elevator Sixteen floors above the ground. I thought about my baby And thought I would jump down (Hughes 10-13). In another poem Hughes writes about his dreams being put off as suggested by the title Dream Deferred, in which Hughes writes What happens to a dream deferred? / Does it dry up / Like a raisin in the sun? (Hughes 1-3). This shows that Hughes became hopeless about his dreams coming true, as they were belated due to The Great Depression. Hughes thoughts became pessimistic as his hopes for his dreams turned bleak, but he still retains some hope to keep him on track and to keep him writing his poems. In conclusion, Hughes brings a major change in the eyes of Americans, through his influential and powerful poetry. He witnesses the social injustice faced by African Americans, finds his admiration in jazz music, and suffers pessimistic thoughts and weakened hope through the 1930s. Langston Hughes reflects the ambience in his poetry, as his themes change according to his feelings, thoughts and setting. Hughes poetry emerges from examination of social injustice, followed by jazz poetry, and then to his pessimistic views on life. Hughes plans of bringing change are revealed in his poems and become his dreams. They are however, shunned as he faces the Great Depression and the suffering it causes to his community. His dreams are deferred and his hopes of bringing change among his people diminish. He learns from his experience and relates it in his poem Dreams, as he writes, Hold fast to dreams for if dreams die / life is a broken winged bird that cannot fly. (Hughes 1-2). Langston Hughes teaches his readers and admirers to fight their dreams and to not let them delay, as dreams become your success to life.

Saturday, January 18, 2020

Character Analysis of Connie Essay

Then one day her family leaves her alone and she notices the boy in the car comes to her house and she finds out that he seems to know everything about her. He demands that Connie come to him and in then th story ends as Connie walks out the house toward the mysterious boy. Connie is sexually active, scared, and deceitful. Connie is sexually active. Oates states how Connie knows she is beautiful and she gets a great deal of attention from boys. Connie knows she is gorgeous, so when she goes out, she shows off her body more. When Connie meets the older boy in the resturant, she spends hours with him, and they went in an abandoned alley. Connie often states that she believes sex is a beautiful and fun feeling. Going with this stranger Connie has just met for hours implies she is sexually active in some way. What Oates is trying to say about young girls in general is that by showing off their bodies and meeting with older boys, sex will be pressured onto them. More young females will want to become more sexually active by assuming sex is all good and fun. Connie is scared. Connie does not seem to be afraid of anything. However, once this stranger appears at her house, she becomes a bit more frightened. Connie was always used to doing what she wanted with whomever she wanted. Along came Arnold, who commanded her to come to him and do things with him. Suddenly, Connie does not have the choice anymore. He threatens to harm her family so she is scared and cannot bring herself to even call for help. What Oates is trying to say about being scared is that one will not be scared until the option of deciding for one’s self gets taken away. Connie is deceitful. Connie’s mother often degrades Connie for being vain. Her mother does this because she is worried about Connie and knows Connie gets a great deal of attention from males. Connie’s mother knows what can happen to her if she does not start being careful. Connie still goes out grabbing the attention of boys even though her mother says otherwise. What Oates is trying to say is that children should always listen to their parents, or they may end up in danger. Oates tries to get the reader to understand that parents have been through it all, and children should learn to listen more. In the short story â€Å"Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been? † Oates shows that Connie is sexually active. She is sexually active because she shows off her body and is curious about sex. Connie is scared because she had no choice in what she wanted to do. Connie is deceitful because she did not care or listen to her mother.

Friday, January 10, 2020

Compare and contrast the distinguishing features of episode 2 of the mini series Changi and The Shoehorn Sonata

Gordon's Will is the 2nd episode of a six part series called Changi. The story is of one mans struggle to overcome and survive life in a POW camp. Gordon uses flash backs to reconstruct the past for the audience. Gordon (in the present time) has suffered a stroke and is having major medical and family troubles. Most of the show is shot in the POW camp where the secret nine live, a group of Gordon's friends that are also being held captive and that have formed an unbreakable and special bond. Midway through the show Gordon is asked to salute lieutenant Aso. When Gordon refuses, Aso commands Gordon to stand on a box until he is ready to salute, Gordon still refuses and stands on the box for three days, this is an example of Gordon's will to survive Changi with respect. There are many influential characters in Changi. ‘The Secret nine' are a ‘band of brothers' who without each other could not have emotionally survived the Changi POW camp. Gordon is the most influential character in the show, being that this episode is based on his time in the camp and life after it. Changi needed to use alot of dialogue because it is a television program. Australian slang such as ‘G, day', ‘bloody hell', ‘Japs' and ‘stick ya bib in' is used regularly throughout the show. Japanese is used throughout Changi wich gives the show a sence of urgency and helps to establish the setting. In the opening title you hear soothing/melodic music with a sudden burst of screaming, crying and wailing, this is symbolic of the pain and suffering Gordon (and other POW captives) had top survive. Changi is set around Gordon (an old man in the present and a young man in flashbacks). In the present Gordon is a lonely, old and sick man. In the Flashbacks Gordon was strong, stubborn, and willing to do anything in order to survive. The literal setting is a Japanese POW camp and a hospital, both places are symbolic of death. Many different camera techniques are used to develop the theme in Changi. Extreme close ups are used mainly in Changi to show fear and desperation on a characters face. In the second half of the show an extreme close up is used, it focuses on sweat that is dropping from Gordon's head when he is standing on the box, this was to show Gordon's determination to survive. On the Road to Gundagai is used as a theme song for the ‘secret 9'. Music was a coping mechanism for Gordon and his fellow prisoners so as to survive imprisonment with a stable mind. On the road to Gundagai was used because a lot of Australian people know and recognise that song. Both Changi and the Shoehorn Sonata have many similarities and many differences. In regards to the plot the Shoehorn Sonata and Changi are both about WW2 and being captured in a POW but are from two different perspective's (women's and men's). In regards to the characters in the texts both texts showed the main characters in the past and the present. In regards to the dialogue both texts use Japanese to give the show or play a sence of urgency and to define the setting clearly. IN regards to the setting both texts are very different; one is set in a hospital and the POW camp and the other is set in a television studio and a hotel. In regards to photography both texts use images to provoke the audience into feeling for the characters. Being a television series Changi has used photography every second of the show but being a play photography was used sparingly, but was still present. In regards to music/songs The Shoehorn Sonata used songs with lyrics that were symbolic of survival and Changi used a popular Australian song to symbolise ‘the secret 9's'will to survive. This essay has shown the distinguishing features of episode 2 of the mini series Changi and The Shoehorn Sonata, it then compared and contrasted them. Both texts dealt with a common theme of survival.

Thursday, January 2, 2020

Walt Disney s Influence On - 1942 Words

Examining Walt Disney s Influence 1 Examining Walt Disney Production s Influence 1 Examining Walt Disney Production s Influence on Brad Bird Sean Skokan Cleveland State University Outline 1) Introduction- Introduces reader to Brad Bird, his films, and Disney s influence on both his work and his life. 2) Body Disney Protagonists- Demonstrates how Disney protagonists, specifically females, are depicted in films through several studies. Brad Bird s Protagonists- Examines how protagonists are displayed in Brad Bird s films and compares them to previously established masculine and feminine qualities that have resulted from these previous studies. 3) Conclusion- Summarizes the influence of Disney on Brad Bird s life and films. Abstract This paper explores the influence and impact of classic Walt Disney productions on Brad Bird and his films, and how these aforementioned productions compare and contrast to Bird s films. Disney protagonists are examined through their gender, feminine and masculine characteristics, through several studies. These studies and their results are then used as a basis to compare and contrast to the depiction of protagonists in Brad Bird s films, as the depiction and traits of these protagonists are examined. Examining Walt Disney s Influence on Brad Bird Introduction to Brad Bird The products of the goliath commonly known as Disney and formally known as The Walt Disney Company have had an undeniably large impact on animatedShow MoreRelatedWalt Disney Company s Influence On The Entertainment Industry1152 Words   |  5 PagesThe Walt Disney Company has grown rapidly over time becoming one of the leading companies in the entertainment industry and continues to excel with no signs of slowing down. The Walt Disney Company has diverse operations in different aspects of the entertainment industry. 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ThroughoutRead MoreWalt Disney Has A Vast Effect On My Personal Journey As An Artist1321 Words   |  6 PagesWalt Disney has a vast effect on my personal journey as an artist. From Walt Disney’s childhood and humble beginning in Marceline, Missouri, to creation of the Walt Disney Animation Studios of today, Walt’s story is one of perseverance. His story is one I have felt a unique connection too, and although there are some clear correlations and definite distinctions between our life experiences and art, I aspire to match his greatness. Walt Disney’s unconventional life experiences led to his variedRead MoreWalt Disney : An Extremely Hard Working Entrepreneur1230 Words   |  5 PagesWalt Disney The name Walt Disney is known world-wide. His films, movies, animations, drawings, amusement parks, TV channel, books, and more are some of the few things that make his name and company still famous and iconic today. He was one of the most famous iconic figures known in the 20th century. This man, Walt Disney, was an extremely hard working entrepreneur. He has changed our society to how it is today. With Walt Disney’s Optimism and hard work he has influenced our society and everyoneRead MoreMovie Analysis : Snow White And The Seven Dwarfs1697 Words   |  7 PagesThrough Disney animations Walt Disney has cultivated a society driven by stereotypes on gender roles that have restricted the liberties of young girls and boys alike to explore their own individuality. Disney s brilliance transcended beyond his ability to captivate an audience, his true talent resided within his ability to leave a direct impact on his viewers. As the prominent academic Jack Zipes puts it, The power of Disney s fairytale films does not reside in the uniqueness or novelty of the

Wednesday, December 25, 2019

Analysis Of Barbara Kingsolvers A Fist In The Eye Of God

Is â€Å"theory† a contradictory scientific term? Many people define â€Å"theory† as a set of unjustifiable propositions, whereas others believe a â€Å"theory† is a â€Å"coherent set of principles used to explain a class of phenomena† (Kingsolver 208). The contrasting interpretation of â€Å"theory† results from the fluctuating amount of information circulating on this term. Although the word â€Å"theory† is a prime example of how people interpret ideas distinctively, people can develop new insights on their previous ideas or thoughts once they gain more knowledge from books or experience. Barbara Kingsolver, a biologist, conveys in her essay, â€Å"A Fist in the Eye of God,† that humans are divided over the acceptance of evolution and the scientific understandings of†¦show more content†¦He explains that desirable traits are passed from parents to offspring and variation exists among the offspring. The â€Å"genetic mapà ¢â‚¬  mentioned previously was used to determine the linkage of organisms to their ancestors; therefore, Kingsolver produces a compelling argument that the hummingbird was able to build its complex nest due to principle of evolution. â€Å"A Matter of Scale† by K.C. Cole provides additional insight for Kingsolver’s essay as she reveals that humans’ perception of the world must be â€Å"scaled up or scaled down† in order to observe the world through a different lens. Cole examines the opposing relationship between the phenotype of an organism and its genotype, the genetic makeup of an organism. For instance, she mentions that a sixty-foot giant has two conflicting genetic traits, since its prodigious size and strength is intimidating to other creatures, but its body weight serves as a disadvantage because he or she lacks physical or muscle strength to move to different places. Cole explains in her essay that humans should be cognizant of the diverse life filled with humans and animals who vary in genetic traits as mentioned in Darwin’s theory of evolution. Kingsolver would agree with Cole’s idea of exploring the advantageous traits that increases the individual reproductiv e success and

Tuesday, December 17, 2019

Childhood Sexual Abuse Is A Global Issue - 1756 Words

Childhood sexual abuse is a global issue that has multiple outcomes of dysfunction that an adult may display due to previous experience. There is evidence supporting the magnitude of problems that a CSA surviving adult may go through especially if critical periods of development have been altered because of trauma. The negative effects are psychologically, physically, behaviorally and interpersonally harmful to the victim’s overall health. With continued research and bringing an awareness to the problem that child sexual abuse is more common than we think and its implications that there are increased relationship hardships such as chronic dissatisfaction, abandonment issues, intimacy avoidance and couples distress. Highlighting how this†¦show more content†¦There are some individuals that are resilient to the previous trauma knowing that the perpetrator was at fault and are able to proceed through life normally. Where there are others that are deeply affected by the t raumatic event that may develop psychological issues such as post-traumatic stress disorder, depression and anxiety (Nelson Goff, B. S., Irwin, L., Cox, M., Devine, S., Summers, K., Schmitz, A., 2014). PTSD is a clinical disorder that most individuals will experience after such trauma these symptoms are sleep deprivation, memory loss, problems with maintaining concentration, intimacy and sexual disorders (Zwickl, S., Merriman, G., 2011). Victims may have thoughts of intrusion or flashbacks of the traumatic experience. These intrusions can be triggered by multiple stimuli which can have the person relive the same event repeatedly (Cobia, D. C., Sobansky, R. R., Ingram, M., 2004). One defense mechanism called numbing a person may use to stop the mind from replaying these thoughts by blocking out the event like it didn’t happen. 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Many people would argue that the correlation behind it is that it is more likely that a person makes bad health decisions like drinking and doingRead MoreChild Abuse and Revicitmization896 Words   |  4 Pagesâ€Å"Women with a childhood abuse history are around 1.4 to 3.7 times more likely to be sexually assaulted in adulthood , and a majority (around 59%) of women with either childhood sexual assaults (CSA) or adult assaults have experienced both† (Cloitre Rosenberg, 2006). Revictimization for prior victims is an important topic in our society. Knowing and understanding the cycle of abuse can help prevent future victimization for such a vulnerable population. â€Å"This interest is grounded in evidence thatRead MoreChild Abuse And The United States906 Words   |  4 PagesAn Introduction to Child Abuse in the United States Child abuse is a global problem Child abuse in the U.S. is a shame to our American society and an unnecessary act that achieves nothing but bad actions towards another person. In the U.S. child abuse has increased along the years and just seem to be getting more horrendous. It is a recurring issue that has been happening all around the world to innocent young children and most of these cases are being kept quiet about because they are too scaredRead MoreThe Long Term Health Consequences Of Child Physical Abuse Essay1729 Words   |  7 Pagesproviding an overview of the article â€Å"The long-term health consequences of child physical abuse, emotional abuse, and neglect: a systematic review and meta-analysis† by Norman, et.al. The research aims at highlighting the evidence that relates child physical and sexual abuse, emotional abuse and neglect with the subsequent mental and physical health outcomes. 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To gain a detailed understanding of both the aggressor a nd victims of domestic violence I chose to exam the psychological and environmental aspects that may influence this continuous behavior that coincides with the continual cycle of violence. I did this, by taking an in-depth look at the perpetrators who repeatedly use manipulation and violence to dominate and control their victims. Additionally, the victims